Fianna Fail in Donegal tight lipped on outcome of election strategy meeting

first_img Fianna Fail Head quarters have yet to decide whether or not to add a third candidate to the party ticket in Donegal.There are mixed views within the party locally on if a third name should be added to the ticket to run alongside Deputy Charlie McConalogue and the returning Pat the Cope Gallagher.At the party’s selection convention held earlier this month Pat the Cope Gallagher topped the poll and was selected to run in the next General Election alongside sitting TD Charlie McConalogue.Both unsuccessful convention candidates, Councillor James Pat McDaid and Claudia Kennedy, were firm in their view that the party should adopt a three candidate approach for the new Donegal 5 seater constituency.But when this suggestion was made to the convention by Councillor Seamus O’Domhnaill the majority of delegates in attendance appeared cool on the idea.Last night a local Fianna Fail meeting was held to discuss the issue, however no news from that meeting has been released with Fianna Fail Councillors so far not answering their phones.Tonight, the National Constituency Committee of Fianna Fail meet tonight to discuss a number of issues relating to the next General Election, it’s is not clear if last night’s discussions in Donegal make the agenda. Fianna Fail in Donegal tight lipped on outcome of election strategy meeting Google+ Facebook Pinterest Facebook By News Highland – October 13, 2015 Google+ Twitter Homepage BannerNews WhatsApp Pinterestcenter_img 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Previous articlePaul O’Connell’s Ireland career and World Cup is overNext articleNorthern Ireland fire service confirm they are treating fire in Sion Mills as deliberate News Highland Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Twitter WhatsApplast_img read more

Donegal County Board threatens legal action over replica shirts and flags

first_imgNews By News Highland – August 23, 2012 Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th WhatsApp Twitter The Donegal County Board has threatened legal action again any companies reproducing replica shirts and flags.In a statement the board says that some clothing companies are producing replica Donegal GAA jerseys, T shirts, poloshirts, flags, etc,using the Donegal GAA Crest / Logo.They point out that the Donegal GAA Crest is patented and Donegal GAA has not granted permission to any parties to use it.The board urges supporters to purchase only official GAA products as Donegal GAA gets a share of the profits raised in the sale of OFFICIAL items.The board says legal action may be taken against those found to be involved in un-authorised sale of Donegal GAA gear, and the use of the patented Donegal GAA Crest.Please report any such activities immediately to [email protected] or contact Donegal GAA at 074 91 90761 or any County Board Executive member. 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Donegal County Board threatens legal action over replica shirts and flags WhatsApp Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twittercenter_img Pinterest Pinterest Facebook Previous articleEmergency services attend Annagry car crashNext articleAll public representatives in Donegal should unite to defend rural Ireland News Highland Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire Google+ Google+ 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry last_img read more

Former Manti High Football Star Jared Schiess Among 26 Weber State Student-Athletes To Graduate Friday

first_imgApril 26, 2019 /Sports News – Local Former Manti High Football Star Jared Schiess Among 26 Weber State Student-Athletes To Graduate Friday FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailOGDEN, Utah-Friday, former Manti High football star Jared Schiess was among 26 Weber State student-athletes who graduated Friday. Tags: Jared Schiess/Manti High/Weber State Football Schiess had one forced fumble this season for the Wildcats. This completes a successful academic season for Weber State student-athletes as 14 others graduated during winter commencement earlier this academic year, bring the overall total to 40. Brad James Written bylast_img

NTPC executive reaffirms Indian company’s plan to transition from coal to renewables

first_imgNTPC executive reaffirms Indian company’s plan to transition from coal to renewables FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享ETEnergyworld.comState-owned NTPC is looking at green hydrogen and battery storage to drive energy transition and is moving away from coal-based projects, said its Executive Director, Mohit Bhargava.NTPC has set a 32-gigawatt (GW) renewable energy (RE) capacity target by 2032, which is 25 per cent of its total planned capacity of 130 GW. It is also planning to have 10 GW of solar energy by 2022, which entails an investment of about Rs 50,000 crore.“We are no longer looking at new greenfield coal-based projects. We are looking at renewables in a big way and ultimately want to be a large RE player not only within the country but also use renewables as a pillar to promote green hydrogen. We are looking at both green hydrogen and battery storage… In our overall frame of things green hydrogen would play a very important role,” said Bhargava at ETEneryworld’s Energy Transition Summit on Thursday.According to many studies, green hydrogen could be a major player not only in terms of fuel but also in being a feedstock as hydrogen, methanol, and ammonia.The firm is looking at tariff-based renewable energy bids by SECI, NHPC, or state utilities. “We’re also looking at the government schemes and are vigorously pursuing on the Ultra Mega Renewable Energy Power Parks scheme, wherein we are in discussion with Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh for availability of land because that is going to be one of the key things for the growth of renewables,” Bhargava said.NTPC has 5-6 GW renewable energy projects in the pipeline, which is primarily solar power based.[Aarushi Koundal]More: We are looking at both green hydrogen and battery storage: Mohit Bhargava, executive director, NTPClast_img read more

Cillian Barry: SportCaller – Making ‘free-to-play’ a viable option for bookmakers

first_img SG OpenMarket approval sees SportCaller expand FTP distribution capacity August 18, 2020 SportCaller grows US footprint with Betfred USA Sports deal July 30, 2020 Submit Share StumbleUpon Related Articles Cillian Barry – SportCallerAs an industry discipline, free-to-play (FTP) mechanisms have had a difficult relationship with bookmakers and their day-to-day operations. Nevertheless, Dublin-based games developer SportCaller believes that its tailored FTP portfolio has cracked the conundrum of offering free incentives for building audiences and effective engagement. SBC speaks to Cillian Barry, Founder & MD of SportCaller, on why FTP is still a relevant and dynamic tool for industry stakeholders…._______________________SBC: Hi Cillian, SportCaller has completed a busy opening to 2018, securing new bookmaker partnerships and releasing new game titles. What do these developments mean for your business current and future operations? Cillian Barry:  We’ve gone from three games with three clients at the start of 2017 to now having 27 Games with 15 clients in the UK, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia and the US. Now PASPA has been repealed stateside, this trend shows no sign of slowing down. SportCaller’s new clients include GVC, Betsson, Coral, Livescore and Bet Victor.In 2017, we had grown the team to 40 experienced heads across Dublin and Kiev and completed our SCore platform in anticipation of this accelerated growth stage. After the World Cup, we’ll take a few days to catch our breath and then the task is clear: more sports and more countries.  SBC: Why have free-to-play (FTP) functions/mechanisms had such a turbulent relationship with bookmakers. What industry dynamic is SportCaller trying to ultimately fix? CB: I don’t know much about turbulence but many bookmakers have tried free-to-play and very few, apart from Sky Bet, have had the experience or internal resource to deliver on its potential. While the games are simple on the customer side, there is a level of complexity in the backend to ensure that the games are delivering repeat players, funded accounts and churn reduction in a secure and scalable way. Many of those that faced these challenges have now decided that it makes more sense to work with SportCaller and benefit from our clearly defined value proposition on FTP.SBC: As a developer, you have placed a high emphasis on SportCaller games boosting a bookmaker’s retention. Why do you feel that FTP can enhance bookmaker retention capabilities? CB: We have built and operated enough games with a geographically diverse set of operators to get a proper grip on how our games resonate with players worldwide. In addition, we have hired a new Performance Director, who’s been involved at the highest level of sportsbook planning from Paddy Power Betfair, to help us understand the value in our games and how that can shape future builds.Approximately 70% of game players return to play on a weekly basis, with those playing across each of the previous four weeks running to about 40% of the base on each game. Clients have reported that up to 50% of their active base regularly play our games. This analysis is on-going but already shows that the value of a customer playing our FTP Games is higher than someone who is not.SBC: Furthermore, SportCaller develops customized games for operators on a number of individual sports. How does your team approach game development for operators, and what factors contribute to delivering an effective FTP title? CB: Like others in the industry, we’ve always had the benefit of being able to recruit sports-crazy fans to come and work with us. Then we just need to make sure they’re also bringing the necessary smarts and ambition. Thankfully we’ve done well on that front. So the first place at which we start with any new client or game is a sit-down to chat through the sport and the relevant markets to come up with a game identity and format that will appeal to the fan, educate others on the cross-sell, and drive betting activity.SBC: In 2018, all betting stakeholders are placing a higher emphasis on margin-control and market cost savings. Can/will effective FTP dynamics end bookmaker bonuses?  CB: That’s a very good question, and it is not just a case of cost savings – it is also in the face of regulatory control on the mechanics of sign-up bonuses and free bets. Whilst this is great for the customer, it makes it much tougher for bookmakers to control the costs to the business from bonus abusers – and the operational costs of such monitoring. In this sense, FTP games allow bookmakers to acquire genuine customers at a low cost, but to also stay fully compliant with tightening regulation. Bonuses and enhanced odds have become such a race to the bottom that the industry needed a new dynamic. FTP games are the first real game-changer in years.SBC: Finally, looking ahead how do you see your software developing in the coming months? What future developments can SBC expect from SportCaller?CB: We keep about 15-50% of our development team focussed on new product at any one time – i.e. new features and optimisations that our game review and analysis point us towards. In the lead-up to the World Cup this deployment of staff has been towards the 15% capacity, so we’re looking forward to kick-off on 14 June when we can move some of the team back to our wish list.This agenda includes Facebook Instant Games, updated client reporting and dashboard, alongside improvements to our email and push notifications – in particular around the handling of customer data following the introduction of GDPR. Then there is the small matter of the US and life after PASPA!______________________Cillian Barry – Founder & MD –  SportCaller Share SportCaller teams up with Coral for Racing Super Series launch August 12, 2020last_img read more

Executives upbeat about L.A. business

first_img“Los Angeles has a very decentralized government structure, so companies often don’t know who to approach to resolve any issues that could be holding their business back in some way,” he said. Bud Ovrum, deputy mayor of Economic Development for the city of Los Angeles, said that strides have been made to improve the business climate. Nor is he too concerned about the perception cited in the survey. “In the economic development business, you always get more growth out of the companies who are already here than the companies that want to move in,” he said. “Companies that are already here give you the biggest bang for your buck.” And the fact that so many executives are confident about the future strikes a positive note and bodes well for the city as well, he said. Ovrum also points out that Los Angeles had its best year ever in 2006 in terms of new construction. “There are projects in the pipeline, not things we’re dreaming,” he said. New home construction has slowed, but office, hotel and retail projects are picking up the slack. The survey also found executives plan to significantly increase employees, products and technology over the next 12 months. Other findings include: Forty-nine percent said their company’s primary focus is expansion to fuel long-term growth. Fifty-four percent of the companies planning new hiring this year will get those employees from the Los Angeles area, and 29 percent said they will add staff elsewhere in the West. Fifty-seven percent plan to make capital improvements and/or investments in technology, and 52 percent expect to increase investment in new products over the next year. Forty-six percent expect to expand the number of geographic markets they serve in their efforts to grow their businesses. Fifty-two percent said it is likely their company would make an acquisition over the next year, and 29 percent said it is likely that their company would be acquired in the next year. The biggest negative issues are high gasoline prices, cited by 68 percent of respondents; state and local taxes, 45 percent; and the transportation system, 43 percent. Hutchins also said that most executives are concerned about the impact on the local economy of the low graduation rate among Latinos and the litigious nature of the area. Positive attributes cited were the availability of office space, the quality of the employment pool and the quality of life. “What we’ve seen in the last year, especially in terms of white-collar employment, is pretty good growth,” said Eduardo Martinez, an economist at the Los Angeles County Economic Development Corp., which works on attracting and retaining jobs in the area. For example, last year the professional, science and technical service sectors saw employment grow an annual 6.7 percent to 241,900 positions, he said. And finance and insurance employment levels in the last half of 2006 returned to mid-1990s levels. “We’ve been able to attract and we’ve had companies expand in those areas,” Martinez said. [email protected] (818) 713-3743160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Business executives throughout the Los Angeles area expect their companies to perform better in coming years on stronger economic growth, but most say the region is not an attractive relocation destination, according to a survey released today. Some 56 percent of executives said high taxes, poor high school graduation rates, heavy traffic and other factors make the region unattractive to relocating businesses, according to the first business executive survey conducted in the area by KMPG LLP, a national audit, tax and advisory firm. Still, the survey’s overall results were more positive than expected, said Mark Hutchins, managing partner of KPMG’s Los Angeles office. “Bullish business predictions combined with growing optimism over the local economy are good news for our city,” he said. The KPMG survey was based on responses from 104 business people – 52 at the highest executive level and 52 from the senior-management or vice presidential level. Hutchins said he was not surprised that the Los Angeles area is perceived as an unattractive place for businesses looking to move. “I kind of think the good is why we have the bad,” he said. Seventy-three percent of the executives said that Los Angeles’ ability to attract and retain new business is important to the health of their own enterprise. Hutchins said local government should take note of this. last_img read more

Warriors Report: Steve Kerr doesn’t expect any trades at deadline

first_imgOAKLAND – The Warriors finished practice Monday afternoon in anticipation for Wednesday’s game against the San Antonio Spurs.Here’s everything you need to know from the session. Kerr doesn’t anticipate any trades at the deadlineWhile NBA executives around the league prep for an entertaining trade deadline Thursday (noon, Pacific), coach Steve Kerr doesn’t expect his team to make any moves. “I think the chances of us making a trade is highly unlikely,” Kerr said Monday.For the …last_img

Evolutionary Theorizing: Only Atheists Need Apply

first_imgSimon Conway Morris is a thorough-going evolutionist and anticreationist.  You would think that would make the editors of Science happy, but on Dec. 5 they printed a scathing review by Douglas E. Irwin1 of his recent book Life’s Solution: Inevitable Humans in a Lonely Universe.  Though Morris accepts the full story of Darwinian common ancestry, he retains enough of a veiled deistic perspective to propose that humans, instead of being the product of completely blind, directionless, purposeless natural causes, were somehow predetermined from the start.  For this, he gets almost the same boot as the worst idiot enemies of science–the creationists:Many biologists, particularly those who have valiantly fought battles against creationists and other know-nothings, may fling this book across the room, convinced that Conway Morris is providing aid and comfort to the enemy.  The author’s position is, however, considerably more nuanced, as he attempts–though not particularly successfully–to chart a path simultaneously opposing creationism, Stephen Jay Gould, and Richard Dawkins.  Indeed part of the sport of the book lies in watching him attempt such implausible intellectual gymnastics. (Emphasis added in all quotes.)Harsh words, indeed.  Irwin ridicules this view as “The Goldilocks Hypothesis.”  Simon Conway Morris leans heavily on the ubiquity of convergence in the natural world to make his point, and also discusses the anthropic principle as evidence for some kind of purpose for our existence.  Irwin is not amused:Evolution will not fall nor creationists triumph because another evolutionary biologist has proclaimed that he finds natural theology personally appealing as a way of understanding the complexity of the world.  The ubiquity of convergence does raise real issues for evolutionary biology, but that is hardly a novel observation.  Life’s Solution remains an artfully constructed retrospective fallacy: that we are here is so improbable that our presence must signify a purposeful universe.  Perhaps, although I doubt it, and with n = 1 the evidence is insufficient to make any judgment.  Life is wonderful, whether we understand it in a metaphysical sense or not.  Ultimately, all our presence may signify is that we are here–for the moment.1Douglas H. Irwin, “The Goldilocks Hypothesis,” Science Volume 302, Number 5651, Issue of 5 Dec 2003, pp. 1682-1683.The Charlie parley is getting snarly.  Join the club, Simon.  Sit here with Henry, the other Dr. Morris, and let him nurse your wounds.  I hope this teaches you a lesson.  The evolutionary science establishment has no tolerance for compromise.  You might as well become a young-earth creationist and you would get more respect.  As it is, you are acting like the proverbial pacifist wearing the Union jacket and the Confederate trousers.  You’re getting blasted from both sides.  At least the creationists try to be civil and fight like gentlemen.    To his credit, Irwin admits to the problems of convergence and complexity.  He can mildly tolerate a position of ignorance, that our lack of understanding of convergence and anthropic parameters might mean we cannot understand the world and have to leave it at this: “We’re here because we’re here.”  (This could also mean, “We’re here because we’re not all there.”)  But even this concession is consistent with pure atheism.  What is not tolerable is any hint of purpose or direction to the evolutionary process.  Utter a peep on that and you are a “know-nothing” at best, and “the enemy” that must be destroyed.    Eugenie Scott, director of the NCSE (the “keep creation out of the schools” lobby group), has stressed in her public debates with Phillip Johnson and other intelligent-design or creationist spokesmen that evolutionists are not at all hostile to religion.  If you want to believe there is meaning and purpose to life, that is fine and wonderful.  Science has no problem with religious faith.  Why, even many evolutionists have their own religious beliefs, which is OK on their own time (just not in the science lab).  She has been so emphatic on this point, she makes it seem like her opposition just doesn’t understand how nice evolutionists really are.  In debate at least, she narrows her point to the “rules of science,” argument, that one must only study natural causes when doing science (methodological naturalism).  Though there may be atheists who are evolutionists, she denies that metaphysical naturalism is a necessary part of Darwinian theory.    If that were true, why is that any time anyone, even a convinced evolutionist like Simon Conway Morris, tries to present even the slightest hint of design or purpose, he gets blasted?  Look what they did to William Dembski (see 07/11/2002 headline), whose book No Free Lunch used only scientific and mathematical arguments to support the validity of design detection.  Phillip Johnson has been one of the key debaters to see through the fraud of Scott’s false dichotomy of methodological vs. metaphysical naturalism.  He shows that there is no difference in practice, because if you exclude intelligent causes from the outset, what is there for a Designer to do?  If a Designer is not allowed to influence natural causes in any real sense, how can he be gainfully employed?  Theistic evolutionists are kidding themselves.  The Darwinists do not want God even to start the big bang, let alone direct anything, at any time, in any way.  Johnson has also exposed the doubletalk of Darwinists who pretend that evolutionism has no impact on religious belief (see commentary from 01/14/2002 headline).    The only way you can satisfy the Darwin Party is to agree 100% with metaphysical naturalism: that nature is all there is, and that humans are the product of blind, purposeless forces that did not have them in mind.  Can you name any book review in a science journal that has an ounce of toleration for anything other than 100% conformity to the reigning philosophy of pure atheism?  Astronomer Owen Gingerich gets to speak his mind on occasion (see Feb. 12 headline), but usually only when talking about history, when people didn’t know better.  Try to find a biologist in a science journal admitting to any kind of purpose or intelligence behind the process of evolution, and it will be a long search.  Eugenie Scott is sending those who believe her disclaimer on a snipe hunt just to get them out of the way.    If nothing else, this kind of article should reveal the real agenda of the Darwin Party.  It’s not about science.  It’s about allegiance.(Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Anthropologist Claims Humans, Neanderthals, Australopithecines All Variations on One Species

first_imgAccording to a news story in the UK News Telegraph, all fossil hominids, including modern humans, Australopithecines, Neanderthals and the recent Indonesian “hobbit man,” belong to the same species: Homo sapiens.  Reporter Robert Matthews wrote about Maciej Henneberg (U of Adelaide) and his argument, based on skull sizes and body weights for 200 fossil specimens, that all known hominid bones fit within the range of variation expected for a single species.  Henneberg made the startling claim in the Journal of Comparative Human Biology, where he said, “All hominims [sic] appear to be a single gradually evolving lineage containing only one species at each point in time.”Henneberg still believes humans were evolving, but his analysis points out several important shortcomings in the “science” of paleoanthropology that should make the thoughtful reader wary of its practitioners.  (1) There is a huge range of variation possible within a single species.  (2) It is difficult to assign any human bone to one or another species.  Notice what this led Henneberg to state: “There is no precise way in which we can test whether Julius Caesar and Princess Diana were members of the same species of Homo sapiens” (emphasis added in all quotes).  Consider what that means when judging bones of alleged human ancestors.  You could tell any story you want.  (We like the one that Caesar and Diana were different species.)  (3) The article reminds everyone that paleoanthropologists often bicker about the meaning of their discoveries (see 12/21/2004 headline).  Geoffrey Harrison (Prof. emeritus, Oxford) said it best: “Clearly there is a need to be more aware of the possibility of variation – but that is not the inclination today.  It has been a problem because the discoverers have usually put so much effort into finding the evidence, so they want it to be important.”  (4) There are too few bones to make any conclusions.  Henneberg said there are fewer than 30 Neanderthal specimens available for study.  (5) Neanderthals could be considered fully human.  The article refers to Henneberg stating, in effect, that “What evidence there is, however, is consistent with Neanderthals being from the same species as modern humans.”  Christopher Stringer (Natural History Museum, London) adds that Neanderthals were not significantly different from us in skull or body size.  “The argument they are a different species is, of course, only a hypothesis…” (italics added).Best quote from the story is the last paragraph:He [Henneberg] added that the never-ending announcements of new species said more about those making the claims than about human evolution.  “The problem is there are far more palaeontologists than fossil specimens”.Corollary: it also says more about the editors of National Geographic than about human evolution, too – both when they make never-ending announcements, and when they become strangely quiet about stories like this one.(Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Water Theories Evaporate

first_img(Visited 123 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 After decades of telling the public comets brought Earth’s water, scientists are giving up on the idea. It was volcanoes, now they say.A geologist and mineralogist from Trinity College Dublin says that “Scientists are changing their minds about how the Earth’s water got here.” Writing on The Conversation, Balz Kamber points to evidences that go against the special-delivery theory (what we have called the “water balloon theory”, 7/23/12) for the origin of Earth’s water.The isotope of ruthenium found on Earth’s surface is the wrong type to have come from the outer solar system. Ruthenium, a siderophile (iron-loving) element, should have been dragged with iron into Earth’s core. This suggested to geophysicists in the 1970s that it was delivered by comets and asteroids in a “late veneer” after the Earth differentiated, leaving water on the surface as a by-product. But if the impactors were from the inner solar system, they would have been too dry.Zircons, thought to have been formed 4.3 billion years ago, appear to have been in contact with water some 200- to 400-million Darwin Years before the “late veneer” should have formed.The heat of impacts may have obliterated water as much as delivered it.The presence of chlorine implies that it had water to dissolve into – otherwise it would have been lost to space.If water was on Earth early on, it must have already been here at the time of formation. How could that be on a molten world rife with volcanoes? According to Kamber, volcanoes were the answer. They spewed up minerals that contained hydroxyl ions (OH–) which recombined into H2O as the minerals crystallized. Cute theory; does it work?But it is important to understand that water can also be recycled back into the mantle. This means there is a balance between the water in the oceans and that stored up in the mantle. We can only speculate how much water might still be locked up at these great depths.What we do know is that the average level of the sea surface relative to the continental land has remained relatively constant across nearly four billion years. This suggests a constant cycle of water emerging from and being absorbed back into the mantle has significantly helped life to continue throughout its history on this planet.How, though, would the current levels be established? If the rates are balanced, any water erupted would have sunk back into the mantle just as quickly. Is he sure that volatiles will collect on the surface instead of being lost to space, before an ozone layer protected the surface from ultraviolet rays? Why don’t we see oceans forming around volcanoes today? Kamber seems to invoke special pleading to come up with a 70% watery surface that has “significantly helped life” since its inception. Does this improve on luck or miracles?A bigger issue is the demise of a theory after over 40 years of propaganda. Learning that lesson, what confidence can anyone have that the inside-out theory will survive the next 40 years?Not all water is just water. It has properties, such as acidity. The deuterium ratio, not mentioned by Kamber, was another blow to the water-balloon theory. A paper in Science discusses “The geologic history of seawater pH.” Here’s the editors’ summary:The acid-base balance of the oceans has been critical in maintaining Earth’s habitability and allowing the emergence of early life. Despite this importance, systematic estimates of historical seawater pH are lacking. Halevy and Bachan developed a model of seawater chemistry and pH over time scales exceeding ∼100 million years. Their highly robust probabilistic history of seawater pH and chemistry reflects evolving properties of Earth’s atmosphere, oceans, and crust. Seawater pH increased from early Archean values of ∼6.5 to 7.0 to more recent values of ∼7.5 to 9.0 mostly as a result of solar brightening and decreasing interaction between seawater and oceanic crust.What they mean is that the model is robust within its own assumptions, not that it connects with the real world. There’s no way they could know such things. All they know is that there is a constraint that the water’s acidity be survivable over the history of life on Earth from the beginning, “allowing the emergence of early life.” Note to the authors: emergence is a miracle word (see Poof Spoof), and pH constrains life— it doesn’t “allow” it. Otherwise it’s like saying that the existence of air “allows” birds to emerge and fly.Secular materialists have been oscillating between the water-balloon theory and the volcano theory for decades, for centuries, since Laplace famously said he had no need of that [God] hypothesis. Well, are they making progress? They’re like witless gamers shuffling cups around on the table trying to figure out which one has the marble under it. They lift a cup once in awhile, find out there’s no marble, and think, “It must be under the other one.” Shuffle some more; try again. This goes on for centuries. How about the hypothesis that there is no marble – i.e., there is no secular theory that works?What’s clear from these two papers is that life requires water from the beginning. Strange; that’s what the Bible says happened.last_img read more