Chandrayaan2 mission launch on July 15 ISRO

first_imgBengaluru:India’s second mission to the moon, Chandrayaan-2, would be launched on July 15, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman K Sivan announced on Wednesday. The landing on the moon near the South Pole, an uncharted territory so far, would be on September 6 or 7, Sivan told reporters here, as the Indian space agency is all set to embark on its most complex mission. The launch would take place at 2.51 am on board the GSLV MK-III vehicle from the spaceport of Sriharikota. Also Read – IAF receives its first Rafale fighter jet from France The ISRO had earlier kept the launch window for the mission from July 9 to July 16. The spacecraft, with a mass of 3.8 tonne, has three modules — Orbiter, Lander (Vikram) and Rover (Pragyan). Sivan said Orbiter would have eight payloads, Lander three and Rover two. The mission cost of Chandrayaan-2 with regard to the satellite was Rs 603 crore, he noted. The cost of GSLV MK III is Rs 375 crore. According to the ISRO, Orbiter, with scientific payloads, would orbit around the moon. Lander would soft land on the moon at a predetermined site and deploy Rover. Also Read – Cosmology trio win Nobel Physics Prize The scientific payloads on board Orbiter, Lander and Rover are expected to perform mineralogical and elemental studies of the lunar surface. The Orbiter and Lander modules would be interfaced mechanically and stacked together as an integrated module and accommodated inside the GSLV MK-III launch vehicle. Rover is housed inside Lander. After the launch into an earth-bound orbit by GSLV MK-III, the integrated module would reach the moon orbit using the orbiter propulsion module and subsequently, Lander would separate from Orbiter and soft land at the predetermined site, close to lunar South Pole, the ISRO said. Rover would roll out for carrying out scientific experiments on the lunar surface, it said, noting that instruments were also mounted on Lander and Orbiter for carrying out scientific experiments. Chandrayaan-2 is an advanced version of the previous Chandrayaan-1 mission, which was launched about 10 years ago. Chandrayaan-1 had 11 payloads — five from India, three from Europe, two from the US and one from Bulgaria — and the mission had the credit for discovery of water on the lunar surface. The 1.4-tonne spacecraft was launched using PSLV and the orbiter had orbited 100 km from the lunar surface.last_img read more

Small farmers can earn big returns by investing in climate adaptation new

The report, The Economics Advantage: Assessing the value of climate change actions in agriculture, was presented today at the UN Climate Conference in Marrakech, known by the shorthand ‘COP 22’ and is a result of cooperation between IFAD and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS). “There is a strong economic case to be made for investing in agriculture for future food security, even under changing climate conditions,” said IFAD’s Director of Environment and Climate, Margarita Astralaga. “IFAD’s ASAP, the world’s largest programme for smallholder farmers’ adaptation, shows that where investments are made that help farmers adapt to climate change the returned financial benefit to farmers is much, much higher.” According to findings, regions where IFAD invests in adaptation, the rate of return for farmers and the government agencies comes in 15 to 35 per cent higher, even despite the cost of borrowing. CCAFS’s Head of Research, Sonja Vermeulen stressed the importance of agriculture for adaptation and mitigation, ‘saying: “Agriculture is especially sensitive to climate change, as well as accounting for significant emissions.” In addition, there is a strong economic rationale for supporting actions on agriculture confirmed by the majority of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) to the Paris Agreement. “Climate change proposals on agriculture need to be supported by credible economic and financial proposals in order to unleash significant public and private finance,” stated Ms. Astralaga. “The purpose of this report is to share emerging information to support the use of clear and concise economic data that shows when, where and how IFAD investments bring financial returns to the communities we work with,” she added. Reports have also shown that positive economic returns can be implemented in practices to build adaptive capacity and reduce emissions intensity such as innovative rice cropping in Viet Nam, or switching from growing coffee to cocoa in Nicaragua. Furthermore, an additional set of non-technical mitigation and adaptation intervention are equally important but more difficult to implement, including capacity building, institutional strengthening, access to value chains and research. read more